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Nearly Thirty Percent Of The World Population Is Overweight / Its not how much we eat, its what we eat


Thirty percent of the world's population is overweight, a number that could expand to 50 percent by 2030, according to a report by the McKinsey Global Institute. The obesity epidemic comes at a high price, add researchers, who estimate it costs the world $2 trillion annually.

"Obesity is a major global economic problem caused by a multitude of factors," reads the report.

"Today obesity is jostling with armed conflict and smoking in terms of having the greatest human-generated global economic impact."

The report's authors identified 74 interventions to help reduce the population's weight, including parental education, limiting the size of fast food portions, and expanding healthy food programs at workplaces and schools.


"If we reduce obesity to 1993 levels, where 15 per cent of the population were obese, we will avoid five million disease cases and save the NHS alone an additional $2.19 billion by 2034," the report estimated.


Three In Ten Americans With Diabetes Don't Know They Have It



Thirty percent of those who have diabetes are not aware that they have it, according to research conducted at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. The study surveyed data  on 30,000 adults, 66.5 percent of whom said that they'd had two or more visits to a healthcare provider in the past year.
"About 80 percent of those people are linked to a health care provider, and two-thirds are seeing them twice a year or more. So, through whatever means, they aren't being identified with diabetes," said study  author Dr. Mohammed
"The fact that they go to the doctor rings alarm  bells. We're missing out on a whole lot of opportunities," he added.
"The answer isn't simple , but we need to identify where the gaps are. Is it high demand on physicians? Is it a system-wide problem? There are a lot of things that could be going on. It probably won't be just one specific thing."
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes, which Ali said most undiagnosed cases likely were, include fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing cuts and scrapes, and the need to urinate frequently.


Low-Calorie Diet May Slow Aging


Those who eat low-calorie diets may be less susceptible to the effects of aging, according to research conducted atNew  York University. The study was presented at the Society for Neuroscience's annual conference in Washington DC. The research team found that low cal diets impact the genes working associated with aging and brain functions linked to memory.
In the study, one group of female mice, less prone to dementia than males, were fed food pellets with 30 percent fewer calories than were fed to a second group. "Our study shows how calorie restriction practically arrests gene expression levels involved in the aging phenotype - how some genes determine the behaviour of mice, people and other mammals as they get old," affirmed senior  study investigator Stephen Ginsberg.
 He adds that the study does not mean calorie restriction is the "fountain of youth," but that it does "add evidence for the role of diet in delaying the effects of aging and age-related disease”





How brown fat, the ‘good’ fat, burns calories and could help treat type 2 diabetes and obesity



By Abby Phillip

By now, you may have heard about brown adipose tissue, or "brown fat." It is a type of fat, most likely present in all humans, that is a super calorie burner.
In recent years, a renewed interest in brown fat has revealed some promising attributes. Not only does brown fat play a role in warming up the body in cold temperatures, but by doing that, it is also an extraordinarily efficient calorie burner. And while some people may have more of this fat than others, there are ways of increasing the amount of brown fat in your body.
A new study has unveiled a piece of the puzzle in the emerging research into this remarkable tissue. Brown fat, it turns out, acts as a "super vacuum" to suck up excess glucose (sugar) in the blood by producing large amounts of a substance that transports glucose into the brown fat cells, where it can be burned to produce heat -- a process called thermogenesis.
"If you can start the tissue to burn and produce heat, then you can actually in a way take away excess glucose in the blood," said Tore Bengtsson, one of the study's authors and a professor of physiology at Stockholm University in Sweden. "Now we actually understand how this production of these glucose transporters work."
Brown fat cells do this at a more efficient rate than other mechanisms the body uses to absorb glucose in the blood. When activated, the brown fat cells produce 10 or more times the amount of glucose transporters than insulin, for example, according to Bengtsson.
For people with type 2 diabetes, whose bodies do not use insulin properly and as a result have elevated blood glucose levels, these findings could lead to new drugs that can activate brown cells and reduce blood glucose levels without insulin.
More than 29 million Americans live with type 2 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. And more than one-third of U.S. adults are obese, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; obesity can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes.
"The implication of this is normally when you have type 2 diabetes you have to inject insulin to reduce your blood sugar levels," Bengtsson said. "However you could make a medicine which is not based on insulin signalling. It's a completely new pathway that can be targeted for taking up glucose in the blood."
The study, published in the Journal of Cell Biology on Monday, helps to connect the dots between years of findings suggesting that better understanding brown tissue can lead to new treatments for obesity and type 2 diabetes. The tissue, which is typically found around the neck and spinal cord, is more present in the body when you are young; people who are overweight or obese tend to have less of it.
Initially, beyond infants who need the heat-producing tissue to maximize survival in the first days and months of life, scientists didn't fully understand whether adult humans had and used brown tissue. But recent research has also found that the amount of brown tissue grows in cold weather or when people are exposed to cold environments. Conversely, it declines in warm environments.
The findings support what scientists believe are the evolutionary origins of the tissue. In mammals and in humans, it helps regulate body temperature by converting glucose and free fatty acids in the blood into heat that the body might need to survive in colder temperatures.
"Brown fat has been investigated for a very long time in small mammals," noted Bengtsson. "Five or six years ago, we actually understood that we had brown fat in humans and the brown fat is working in humans -- not only in infant humans but in adults."
Bengtsson said that he is working on the next step in the research -- looking for specific ways of activating the cells, which will be crucial for the development of new drugs.



Are Sweet Potatoes Good for Diabetics?


by Aglaee Jacob



Sweet potatoes are a better option than white potatoes for diabetics.
Being diagnosed with diabetes often means eliminating or limiting many of your favorite foods. Foods with a high carbohydrate content, such as many desserts, large amounts of pasta, breads, sugary breakfast cereals and soft drinks, can make your blood sugar levels skyrocket within a few minutes after eating. Over time, this can damage your small blood vessels and lead to heart diseases, blindness, kidney diseases, stroke and even amputations. Diabetics can include a variety of carbohydrates that are digested more slowly, such as the ones found in non-starchy vegetables, fresh fruits, nuts and sweet potatoes to stay healthier with their condition.

Glycemic Index
White potatoes, whether you have them mashed, baked, as french fries or potato chips, have a high glycemic index, which means that their carbohydrates are quickly turned into sugar, which elevates your blood sugar levels after your meal. The glycemic index of sweet potatoes is a lot lower, which is better for diabetes control, according to a 2002 article in the "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition." Eating sweet potatoes in moderate amounts will help you keep your blood sugar levels in the healthy range even if you have diabetes.

Carbohydrate Content
A medium sweet potato contains 26 grams of carbohydrates, of which 3.8 grams are dietary fiber, while a cup of mashed sweet potatoes has 58 grams of carbohydrates and 8.2 grams of fiber. Fiber, which is part of the total carbohydrate content, does not elevate blood sugar levels and can be subtracted from the total grams of carbohydrates to have a better idea of the blood sugar-rising potential of a food. In the case of a baked sweet potatoes, subtract the 3.8 grams of fiber from the 26 grams of carbohydrates to determine that they contain only 22.2 grams of available carbs per serving. With mashed, sweet potatoes, subtracting the 8.2 grams of fiber from the 58 grams of carbs gives you a total of 49.8 grams of available carbs per cup. If you are carb counting to control your diabetes, use available carbs to be more accurate.

Serving Size
The American Diabetes Association recommends that you consume no more than 45 to 60 grams of carbs per meal, which means that you can easily include sweet potatoes as part of your diabetic meal plan. For example, you could have a medium sweet potato, providing 22.2 grams of available carbs along with other foods that are free of carbohydrates like chicken or salmon, broccoli and butter. Add a serving of plain yogurt and berries to get a total of up to 45 to 60 grams for your meal.

Meal Ideas
Sweet potatoes are a good carbohydrate choice for diabetics. Bake them in the oven until they are soft and serve them with a little bit of sour cream, plain yogurt or butter for extra flavor. Sweet potato fries are also a healthy alternative to take-out or frozen french fries. Cut your sweet potatoes into fries, drizzle them with olive oil, sprinkle them with salt and bake them in the oven until cooked. Mashed sweet potatoes with cream and butter also make a tasty side dish that, despite its sweet taste, won't be a problem for your blood sugar levels if consumed in controlled amount. You can even reduce the carb content of your mashed sweet potatoes by mixing them with equal amounts of mashed cauliflower. Make sure you accompany your sweet potatoes with a bit of fat from butter, olive oil or avocado and protein from meat, poultry or fish to get a balanced meal.




9 Things Sweet Potatoes Do For You



Sweet potatoes have long been a very tasty November staple … but did you know they are a superfood? One of nature’s best sources of beta-carotene, a single cup provides 438 percent of our daily vitamin A needs with a modest 102 calories. To get the full benefit of the beta-carotene, it’s important to have a little fat at the same time… butter anyone? (Or you could opt for extra virgin olive oil.) To maintain the nutritional value, try steaming or boiling them. Along with vitamin A, sweet potatoes offer antioxidants, anti-inflammatory benefits, and help with blood sugar regulation. And they come in purple!

Some Health Benefits of Sweet Potatoes:
•           Anti-inflammatory
•           Helps regulate blood sugar levels
•           Helps reduce blood pressure (the high amount of potassium works to lower blood pressure)
•           High fiber content to promote healthy digestion
•           Immunity booster
•           Promotes good eye health
•           Helps maintain clear arteries
•           Promotes healthy bones
•           Promotes healthy muscles and skin

Healthy Mashed Sweet Potatoes
Bring lightly salted water to a boil in a steamer with a tight fitting lid. Steam two medium-sized peeled and sliced sweet potatoes in steamer basket, covered, for about 10 minutes, or until tender. When tender, mash with potato masher, adding 1/2 teaspoon garam masala, a tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil, and salt and white pepper to taste.

Roasted Purple Sweet Potato Wedges
Fire up the oven to 400 degrees. Cut two medium purple sweet potatoes and three large carrots into one inch by two inch pieces. Chop one tablespoon each of fresh rosemary and thyme. Put potatoes, carrots, rosemary, and thyme into large bowl along with four tablespoons olive oil, one teaspoon coarse salt, and ½ teaspoon fresh ground pepper. In an artistic fashion spread the purple sweet potatoes and carrots on a cookie sheet and roast until tender, about 45 minutes. Serve warm all by themselves or as a side dish.

Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Line a baking sheet with aluminum foil. Stir together two tablespoons olive oil, two tablespoons maple syrup, and 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper in a small bowl. Brush slices from three large sweet potatoes with the maple mixture and place onto the prepared baking sheet. Sprinkle with salt and pepper to taste. Bake in preheated oven for eight minutes, then turn the potato slices over, brush with any remaining maple mixture, and continue baking until tender in the middle, and crispy on the edges, about seven minutes more.


The flame of hope for diabetes cure

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Each year since 1991, November 14th has been marked as the World Diabetes Day. This day is also the birthday of Frederick Banting, who discovered insulin and thus gave the medical lifeline to diabetics for survival. However, whilst insulin helps in the control of Type 1 diabetes, it does not cure it.

The Flame of Hope, an eternal flame lit in honour of Frederick Banting as well as all those who have been affected by diabetes, is located in London, Canada. The flame has been burning for the last 25 years and will only be extinguished once a cure for diabetes has been developed.

With the centenary of the insulin discovery being only less than a decade away we are still waiting for the definite announcement that a cure for diabetes has been found. That’s why the continued efforts by the global diabetes community to raise awareness for diabetes and to raise funds for diabetes research are vital. We can all do our bit in numerous ways so to have an even bigger voice in supporting diabetics: blog, tweet, share, or wear blue just to name a few.

And we must believe that one day that flame will finally be extinguished!


Fruit juice often laden with sugar, warns HPB A glass of juice is not as healthy as you think, because it contains as much sugar as a carbonated drink –




 By Salma Khalik Senior Health Correspondent

f your shot at good health is a daily glass of fresh fruit juice, it might be time to change that habit. The Health Promotion Board (HPB) says that a glass of juice is not as healthy as you think, because it contains as much sugar as a sweetened drink. HPB chief executive officer Zee Yoong Kang said: "Many people think juices are good for health and, yes, there are nutrients, but they should limit their intake to one glass a day." Dr Annie Ling, director of HPB's Obesity Prevention Division, said: "In fact, fruit juices generally contain much higher sugar levels than sweetened drinks." She added that sugar levels in fruit juices vary, with higher sugar levels in more acidic fruit like apples and berries. Freshly squeezed juice contains 10 to 20 per cent less sugar than packaged drinks, which are reconstituted from concentrates. Said Dr Ling: "We apply the same allowance for sugar sweetened drinks to fruit juices - no more than one glass a day." Singaporeans take an average of 11 teaspoons of sugar a day, with the top fifth hitting 18 teaspoons a day, HPB figures show. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends no more than 10 teaspoons of "free sugar" daily, or sugar added to foods by the manufacturer and those naturally present in honey, syrups and fruit juices. One in three people here takes more than that. Professor Jim Mann, of the WHO Nutrition Guidance Expert Advisory Group, said this does not include sugars in whole fruit and vegetables which digest more slowly and take longer to enter the blood stream. So eating the fruit is far better than drinking it as it gives you the nutrients without the sugar rush. Mr Zee said that two-thirds of sugar consumed here come from drinks, including fruit juices. This much sugar is detrimental to health and one reason for the ballooning obesity rate, he said, with the bulk of sugar coming as "empty calories" in drinks. This is because highly refined carbohydrates wear out the insulin-producing part of the pancreas. Also, Dr Ling explained: "Insulin causes fat cells to go into storage overdrive leading to weight gain." Even the supposedly healthy yoghurt drinks have about five teaspoons of sugar in a 200g portion - or just two spoons less than a 330g carbonated drink. Mr Zee hopes to reduce consumption of sugar here over time by persuading people to learn to enjoy less sweet drinks. He dismissed calls for a health tax on white sugar, which he says will not work as people will simply switch from one unhealthy food to another. Furthermore, such a tax will hit the poor hard. Instead, he wants to change their palate. People in Japan and Hong Kong take their drinks with less sugar than Singaporeans. Even jasmine tea, which is drunk with no sugar in Japan and 21/2 teaspoons of sugar in Hong Kong, has four teaspoons of sugar when sold here. Dr Ling said the "growing level of sugar consumption over the years" is a concern. According to HPB figures, people here have increased their sugar consumption by 10 per cent from 2009 to 2012. This month's WHO Bulletin says recent "rigorous" and "scientific" evaluation reinforces the 2003 recommendation to reduce sugar intake. Prof Mann said there is an enormous body of evidence that reducing sugar consumption "is almost certain to halt the epidemic of obesity and to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and other related non-communicable diseases". This includes breast and colorectal cancers and cardiovascular disease. salma@sph.com.sg www.facebook.com/ST.Salma




Berkeley Passes Soda Tax



By Anna Roth

Last week's election brought all sorts of news, but lost in the Republican takeover and marijuana legalization may be the fact that Berkeley became the first city in the country to vote to tax sugary beverages. The measure passed with a little more than 75 percent of the Berkeley vote.
Measure D will tax sugary beverages, including non-diet sodas, energy drinks, presweetened teas, and other sweetened drinks at the rate of 1 cent an ounce, adding up to about 68 cents for a two-liter bottle of soda. It will not apply to sweeteners like sugar, honey, and syrups sold at grocery stores; milk products; 100 percent juice; baby formula; alcohol; or drinks taken for medical reasons.
A similar proposition in San Francisco failed to get its required two-thirds majority vote, though nearly 55 percent of the city's population voted for it.

Both measures faced heavy opposition from donations from Big Soda, which poured more than $10 million into campaigns to fight the taxes in San Francisco and Berkeley


Kids Obese At Young Age Often Stay That Way



Kids who are obese in youth often remain obese into adolescence, according to research conducted at Boston Children's Hospital. The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, surveyed data  on nearly 4,000 U.S. kids over a period of five years.
The research  team found that 83 percent of the kids who were obese in tenth grade were also obese in fifth grade. Only 12 percent of kids who were obese in fifth grade decreased their weight to a healthy level in the five-year period.
"Parents sometimes think that it's just baby fat and their kids will outgrow it, but we found a lot more constancy [of extra weight over time] than we anticipated," said study  author Dr. Mark Schuster.
"Certainly, once you've gained weight and become obese or overweight, it's harder to change the habits influencing that. But just because kids are gaining weight as they get older doesn't mean they can't lose weight -- they definitely can."
Childhood obesity comes with a host of negative side effects including a higher risk of chronic conditions such as asthma, hypertension, high cholesterol, bone/joint problems, sleep apnea and certain types of cancer.

13 best and worst foods for people with diabetes



By Linda Melone

If you have diabetes, watching what you eat is one of the most important things you can do to stay healthy.
"The basic goal of nutrition for people with diabetes is to avoid blood sugar spikes," said Dr. Gerald Bernstein, director of the diabetes management program at Friedman Diabetes Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center in New York.
Candy and soda can be dangerous for diabetics because the body absorbs these simple sugars almost instantly. But all types of carbs need to be watched, and foods high in fat—particularly unhealthy fats—are problematic as well because people with diabetes are at very high risk of heart disease, said Sandy Andrews, RD, director of education for the William Sansum Diabetes Center in Santa Barbara, Calif.
Worst: White rice
The more white rice you eat, the greater your risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a 2012 review. In a study of more than 350,000 people, those who ate the most white rice were at greatest risk for type 2 diabetes, and the risk increased 11 percent for each additional daily serving of rice.
"Basically anything highly processed, fried, and made with white flour should be avoided," Andrews said.
White rice and pasta can cause blood sugar spikes similar to that of sugar.
Have this instead: Brown rice or wild rice. These whole grains don't cause the same blood sugar spikes thanks to fiber, which helps slow the rush of glucose into the bloodstream, Andrews said. What's more, a Harvard School of Public Health study found that two or more weekly servings of brown rice was linked to a lower diabetes risk.
Worst: Blended coffees
Blended coffees that are laced with syrup, sugar, whipped cream, and other toppings can have as many calories and fat grams as a milkshake, making them a poor choice for those with diabetes. A 16-ounce Frappuccino at Starbucks, for instance, can contain 500 calories, 98 grams of carbs, and 9 grams of fat. You may consider a treat such as this "just coffee," but the blended versions can send blood glucose soaring.
Have this instead: Ask for the smaller, 12-oz light or non-fat versions, which range from 60 to 200 calories, making it a much lower-calorie, lower-sugar substitute, said Andrews.
"The lighter version won't drive blood sugars sky high, especially if you take a walk afterward," she added. Ideally, black coffee is best.
Worst: Bananas and melons
All fresh fruit is packed with vitamins and fiber, making them a healthy part of any diet. However, some fruits contain more sugar.
"Bananas, melons, and stone fruits like peaches and nectarines are on the high-sugar side," said Dr. Cathy Doria-Medina, a Los Angeles endocrinologist.
These may cause blood sugar spikes more than other fruit, although this may not be true for everyone. 
Have this instead: Granny Smith apples, blueberries, and other berries are lower in sugar.
"But what works for one diabetic may not work for another, so you need to find which fruits work best for you," said Doria-Medina. "Combining the fruit with peanut butter or low-fat cheese (making sure to reduce the fruit portion by half) is also a good way to cut down the fruit portion."
Test your blood sugar two hours after eating to find out how you react.
Worst: Chinese food
High-calorie, high fat, high-sodium, and high-carb Chinese food dishes can spike blood sugar dramatically and keep it high for a while, said Andrews. The biggest offenders include fried entrees such as orange chicken and sweet and sour dishes, which contain breading and are served swimming in a sugary sauce.
Have this instead: If you enjoy Chinese food, prepare a modified recipe at home using steamed veggies and low-sodium, low-fat condiments and flavorings. Reducing sodium can help lower blood pressure and decrease the risk of heart attacks. Skip the white rice and noodles; have brown rice or wild rice instead.
Worst: Breakfast pastries
Avoid doughnuts, toaster pastries, and other bakery sweets if you want to keep your blood sugar under control, said Andrews.
"They're made from processed white flour and are high in fat, carbs, and sodium."
Cinnamon rolls may be the worst, clocking in at over 800 calories and up to 120 grams of carbs.
Have this instead: Try half of a whole-grain English muffin or a brown rice cake topped with peanut butter and a little low-sugar jam, suggested Andrews.
"They're less processed and lower in fat, carbohydrates, and sodium."
Worst: Fruit smoothies
A fruit smoothie sounds like healthy refreshment, but can be a sugary disaster if you have diabetes. A large (28-ounce) smoothie from Jamba Juice contains as much as 510 calories and 92 grams of carbohydrates
"They're full of sugar," said Doria-Medina, a diabetes expert with Healthcare Partners Medical Group in Los Angeles. "A large Jamba Juice smoothie is like drinking three cans of soda."
Have this instead: Make your own smoothie so you can control exactly what goes in it. Include vegetables like kale or spinach and use low-sugar fruits such as green apples and berries, said Dr. Doria-Medina.
Worst: Trail mix
Store-bought trail mix is a blend of nuts, dried fruit, and milk chocolate. Only the nuts are a safe bet for diabetics (and in moderation; they can be high in calories)¬. The dehydration process causes fruits’ natural sugars to become super concentrated.
"Plus, the portion sizes are big, especially when you consider a single dried apricot represents a whole apricot," said Doria-Medina. "It’s easy to eat too much."
Have this instead: Make your own low-carb mix with sunflower seeds, walnuts, soy nuts, roasted peanuts, and almonds with small amounts of unsweetened coconut. Eating nuts in moderation (one ounce per serving) may reduce the rise in blood glucose when consumed along with carbohydrates such as bread, and they are also linked to a lower risk of heart disease.
Worst: Refined cereal
Sweetened breakfast cereals can cause a spike in blood sugar, but the response can vary.
"Blood sugar reactions to cereal vary greatly from person to person," said Doria-Medina.
Even oatmeal—which is recommended as a good choice by the ADA—can be a problem if it's the sweetened, instant type.
Have this instead: Swap breakfast cereal for a high-protein meal instead, suggested Dr. Doria-Medina. Try an egg white omelet with vegetables and turkey or Canadian bacon with a small slice of low-carb (7 grams) bread. Cholesterol in the yolk may contribute to a higher risk of heart disease and diabetes, which makes egg whites a healthier option. Steel cut and traditional oatmeal, cooked slowly, is a better choice than other types of oatmeal as it is less likely to spike blood sugar, says Andrews. Small portions and adding protein can help.
Worst: Fruit juice
Pair a glass of orange juice with your breakfast, and you may as well have sipped a can of soda—fruit juices are just as high in sugar and calories, said Dr. Joel Zonszein, director of the clinical diabetes center at the University Hospital of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, NY.
"This includes all juices, including those from your juicer as well as those labeled 'no sugar added.' "
Have this instead: Eat a piece of (low-sugar) fruit and skip the juice, said Zonszein. The sugar in whole fruits is less concentrated than in juice form.
"This creates less of a surge of blood sugar (along with more vitamins), which makes the sugar absorb more slowly and keeps blood sugar steadier."
Worst: Energy bars
Sports bars aren't totally off limits, but you need to read labels, said Andrews.
"They may seem like a healthful snack choice, but many snack bars contain high levels of sugar and carbs, up to 450 calories and 60 grams of carbohydrates."
Look for a balance of protein and carbs with a little fat (about 3 grams) and wholesome ingredients, said Andrews, who suggests talking to a registered dietitian to determine those that best suit your needs.
Have this instead: In addition to taking your dietitian's advice, satisfy your snack fix with lower carb treats. Try a cup of light popcorn, 10 goldfish crackers, a piece of string cheese, 15 almonds, or a frozen, sugar-free popsicle, all of which contain fewer than five grams of carbs, according to the American Diabetes Association.
Worst: Pasta Alfredo
Alfredo sauce is made from heavy cream, Parmesan cheese, and lots of butter. Pour it on top of a bed of white fettuccine noodles and your meal can easily top 1,000 calories, 75 grams of fat, and nearly 100 grams of carbohydrates.
"White flour pasta in a high-fat, high-sodium sauce can elevate blood sugars over a long period of time due to the high fat content of the sauce," said Andrews.
Have this instead: Have whole-wheat pasta with a tomato based sauce instead, says Andrews. A half-cup serving of Alfredo sauce contains approximately 280 calories and 24 grams of fat compared to half a cup of marinara sauce at 70 calories and only three grams of fat
"Both sauces have a similar amount of carbs (8 to 10 grams), but it's the pasta that adds up, at 15 grams per one-third cup portion, clearly less than the typical serving size."
The exact portion size of pasta depends on the number of carbs in the rest of your meal. A cup of pasta contains 45 grams of carbohydrates, which may be all the carbs for your entire dinner, for example.
Worst: French fries
Andrews describes french fries as "little carbohydrate sponges soaked in fat." At 25 grams of fat, 500 calories, and over 63 grams of carbohydrates, a large serving of French fries can wreak havoc on blood sugar. The American Diabetes Association notes that starchy foods like potatoes, corn, and peas are "great sources of vitamins, minerals, and fiber," but recommends skipping those with added fat or sodium. You can test your blood sugar two hours after eating to find out what effect any particular food has on your blood sugar.
Have this instead: Fries are usually the default option when ordering a burger or sandwich, but most restaurants will swap in fresh fruit or a side salad if you ask.
Worst: Fatty meats
People with diabetes are at high risk of heart disease. Although meat is rich in protein and doesn't contain carbohydrates (which raise blood sugar), some proteins sources are better than others. Try to avoid meat that's particularly high in saturated fat (like red meat), breaded, fried, or loaded with sodium (like processed meats).

Have this instead: Aim to eat more plant-based proteins like beans, peas, lentils, and soy (keeping in mind that some vegetarian protein sources do contain carbs). Opt for fish, seafood, and chicken, which tend to be lower in saturated fat and contain more heart healthy fats. Avoid food that's covered in high-calorie sauces, breading, or high-fat skin (in the case of chicken).

Kidney And Urinary Defects Linked To Obesity In Mothers


Obese women put their babies at an increased risk for kidney and urinary tract defects, according to research conducted at Seattle Children's Hospital. The study, set for presentation at a meeting of the American Society of Nephrology in Philadelphia on November 14, surveyed data on several thousand hospital records, 3,200 of which reported abnormal kidney or urinary tract problems.
The research team found that mothers who gave birth to the affected kids were 1.3 times more likely to be obese, compared to mothers who were not obese.
"Our findings add to the public health importance of obesity, particularly as a modifiable risk factor," lead author Ian Macumber told Medical Xpress.
"The data supplement the literature regarding obesity's association with congenital abnormalities and highlight the importance of future research needed to clarify the mechanisms of these associations."
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, in the United States, more than one-third of women are obese, more than one-half of pregnant women are overweight or obese, and eight percent of reproductive-aged women are extremely obese, putting them at a greater risk of pregnancy complications.
by RTT Staff Writer





Bariatric Surgery May Alter Taste Buds


Bariatric surgery, which shrinks the stomachs of those who undergo it, may lead to less capacity for tasting food, according to research conducted at the Stanford University School of Medicine in California.
The study, presented at the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery and The Obesity Society (TOS), surveyed data on 55 obese patients who underwent the procedure, and 33 healthy people who did not.
Eighty seven percent of the bariatric surgery patients reported a change in taste perception after the operation, with 42 pecent adding that they consequently ate less.
"Compared to the normal weight [participants], obese patients had consistently less taste sensation," study author Dr. John M. Morton told FoxNews.com. "My speculation is that obese patients may make up for lack of taste intensity with volume."
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) notes that metabolic/bariatric surgery is the most effective and long lasting treatment for severe obesity and results in significant weight loss.





I can't eat diary products but I love cheese so I found this...try it, relaly, it's good


FOR MORE INFORMATION GO TO: http://www.treelinecheese.com/


Ingredients: Cashew nuts, filtered water, L. Acidophilus, sea salt, dried scallions, lemon juice, onion powder.
Nutrition Facts:
Serving size: 1 oz (30g)
Number of Servings: 6
Amount Per Serving:
Calories 90 Calories from Fat 60
% of Daily Value*
Total Fat 7g 11%
Saturated Fat 1.5g 7%
Trans Fat 0g 0%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 95mg 4%
Total Carbohydrate 4g 1%
Dietary Fiber 1g 5%
Sugars 0g 0%
Protein 4g
Vitamin A 0%Vitamin C 0%
Calcium 0%Iron 6%
Calories per Gram: Fat 9 / Carb 4 / Protein 4 



Frequently Asked Questions

Is Treeline Cheese really cheese?

Yes. Like dairy cheese, it is made by a process of fermentation. It contains no milk, so it’s both good for you and cruelty-free.

Why is milk bad?

It’s unhealthy, cruel to animals and bad for the environment. Click on Why We're Dairy-Free for more information.

What is Treeline Cheese made of?

Our cheeses are made of fine Brazilian cashew nuts, cultured with non-dairy Lactobacillus Acidophilus. Our soft cheeses have special blends of herbs, garlic, scallions and onions.
Please see our products page for a complete list of ingredients and nutrition facts.

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Definitely. It is rich in acidophilus, a natural probiotic.

Does Treeline Cheese contain soy, palm oil or gluten?

There is no soy or palm oil on our products. Our Soft French-Style Nut Cheeses and our Aged Cracked Pepper Cheeses are Gluten-free. There are minute traces of gluten in our Aged Smoked Cheeses.

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We are adding retail stores as fast as we can. If your local store or restaurant does not carry Treeline, please download and print this card and hand it to the store manager. We receive a lot of requests from stores and restaurants and we do our best to respond to them.

Is your packaging environmentally friendly?

Our packaging is designed to be minimal and to maintain freshness and shelf-life so that our products can be as natural as possible. All of it can be recycled. The soft cheese tubs are made of 50% recycled plastic.



FDA OKs Xigduo XR, a New Dapagliflozin-Metformin Combo


The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a once-daily combination of dapagliflozin and metformin hydrochloride extended-release (Xigduo XR, AstraZeneca) for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes.

The once-daily oral tablet is the first in the United States to combine the sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor dapagliflozin (trade name Farxiga in the United States) with the biguanide extended-release (XR) metformin hydrochloride, according to an AstraZeneca statement.

The new combination is indicated for use as an adjunct to diet and exercise in adults in whom treatment with both dapagliflozin and metformin is appropriate. The combination is already approved in Australia for the same indication, whereas a slightly different version is approved in the European Union, containing an intermediate-release formulation of metformin.

Several different doses of the dapagliflozin/metformin hydrochloride combination are available, including 5 mg/500 mg, 5 mg/1000 mg, 10 mg/500 mg, and 10 mg/1000 mg, allowing for the starting dose to be individualized according to the patient's current treatment regimen. Maximum daily recommended doses are 10 mg for dapagliflozin and 2000 mg for metformin.

The pill should be taken in the morning with food, and the dose should be escalated gradually to reduce the risk for gastrointestinal adverse effects from the metformin.
The FDA's approval of the combination was based on four phase 3 clinical trials demonstrating efficacy and safety of the separate dapagliflozin and metformin intermediate-release or XR tablets in treatment-naive patients and those inadequately controlled on metformin, as well as when compared with the combination of a sulfonylurea plus metformin.

There have been no clinical studies of the combination pill itself in patients with diabetes, but bioequivalence was demonstrated in healthy adults between the combination pill and the separate tablets, according to AstraZeneca.


What it's like when it comes down to me versus Cake


 



Sunlight is key to diabetes fight: Scientists find the sun can actually STOP weight gain SPENDING more time in the sun could be the key to beating obesity and diabetes.




By: Jo Willey
A natural gas called nitric oxide, which is released by the skin after exposure to sunlight, helps people to control their metabolism and slow weight gain.
Rubbing a cream containing nitric oxide on to the skin can have the same effect, experts have found.
The discovery couldlead to a treatment that halts the progress of Type 2 diabetes, which is fuelled by obesity and an unhealthy lifestyle and costs the NHS £9billion a year.
Scientists from Edinburgh and Southampton, led by colleagues at the Telethon Kids Institute in Perth, Western Australia, found applying nitric oxide to the skin of overfed mice had the same effect of curbing weight gain as exposing them to ultra-violet light.
The mice displayed fewer warning signs of diabetes, such as abnormal glucose levels and resistance to insulin.
The findings, published in the journal Diabetes, show the benefits of moderate exposure to the sun’s rays.
Our observations indicate that the amounts of nitric oxide released from the skin may have beneficial effects not only on heart and blood vessels but also on the way our body regulates metabolism
Dr Richard Weller, senior lecturer in dermatology at Edinburgh University, said: “We know sun-seekers live longer than those who spend their lives in the shade.
"Studies such as this are helping us to understand how the sun can be good for us.
We need to remember that skin cancer is not the only disease that can kill us and should perhaps balance our advice on sun exposure.”
Previous studies have shown that nitric oxide can lower blood pressure after exposure to ultra-violet lamps.
Dr Martin Feelisch, of Southampton University, said: “Our observations indicate that the amounts of nitric oxide released from the skin may have beneficial effects not only on heart and blood vessels but also on the way our body regulates metabolism.”
Dr Shelley Gorman, of the Telethon Kids Institute, said: “Our findings are important because they suggest that exposure to sunlight, together with plenty of exercise and a healthy diet, may help prevent the development of obesity in children.”
Professor David Ray, of Manchester University, said: “These findings support the idea that a healthy lifestyle should include time outside in the sunshine, not only for exercise but also to benefit from sunlight on skin.”
As well as nitric oxide, the body produces vitamin D in response to sunlight, which also has health benefits.
Dr Richard Elliott, of Diabetes UK, said: “This study in mice suggests that low doses of sunlight might help to reduce risk factors for Type 2 diabetes by an effect unrelated to vitamin D, but further research is needed to see if this also applies in humans.
“We know that spending more time outdoors contributes to a healthier lifestyle in other ways, such as through exercise.”


The 20 foods that increase nitric oxide
 
1. Dark Chocolate

 Several studies have documented that cocoa, especially the raw kind, increases nitric oxide production and lowers blood pressure.
   There is also evidence of cacao healing the endolethium (the thin layer of cells that lines the interior surface of blood vessels) by increasing the amount of cells that repair it.
   The crucial part in choosing right kind of cacao is the quality. If possible you should always buy raw unprocessed kind, because the ones they sell on markets are so overprocessed that they shouldn’t be even called chocolate anymore.
 

2. Watermelon
Watermelon contains a lot of the amino acid L-Citrulline that is one of the best natural compounds to increase nitric oxide, proven by countless of studies.
  Read this post to learn more about L-Citrulline and how it converts into nitric oxide in the body.
 

3. Pomegranate
If I would have to choose the best food for nitric oxide production and testosterone levels, it would be pomegranate.
   Pomegranate has been performing perfectly in every single study that it has been researched for, producing effects such as reducing arterial plaque thickness by 30% and increasing testosterone levels by 22% in peer reviewed studies.
 
4. walnuts
Walnuts are packed with vitamin E which helps you arteries and testosterone levels.
   Also it has been recently studied and proved to increase nitric oxide production and also to lower blood pressure, significantly.
   This is probably due to the high amounts of L-Arginine found in walnuts, which has been linked to an increase in nitric oxide production, more about L-Arginine here.
 

5. Brown rice
Rice might seem like a food that has nothing on it. Actually I thought so for years myself.
   Recently though I stumbled into this one study that showed a significant increase in nitric oxide levels after the subjects had consumed brown rice.
   Shortly after that I found another one which stated that brown rice also relaxed arterial walls and improved bloodflow significantly.
 
 
6. Spinach
Spinach is known to have one of the highest nitrate contents of all plants, which means that it’s a pretty awesome food to eat if you are looking to increase nitric oxide production.
   Learn more about nitrates in foods and how those convert into nitric oxide, here.
 
 
7. Oranges
Oranges and orange juice contains high amounts of vitamin C, which has been shown to protect your precious nitric oxide molecules from free radicals.
   So ideally there would be no point in increasing your nitric oxide levels without consuming vitamin C and antioxidants at the same time, because without the vitamin C, your beloved nitric oxide would just oxidize away before really doing anything in your body.
 
8. Beets
Beetroot is one of those foods that contain nitrates as explained here.
   The thing that really makes beets so amazing is the fact that it is one of those foods that has highest nitrate count in all of plants, and at the same time beets are capable to lower your estrogen levels by acting as a methylator as explained here.
 
9. Cranberries
There are countless of health benefits that link back to cranberries.
   Possibly one of the less known ones is the fact that cranberries increase nitric oxide production, while lowering blood pressure significantly at the same time. This was found out by a study conducted back in the year 2000.
 
10. Garlic
Researchers say that garlic is a potent activator of NOS (nitric oxide synthase), and produces same kind of effects as Cialis or Viagra.
   In one study it was noted that garlic decreased systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 8 points on subjects with high blood pressure. That’s a very impressive result from a food, as it shows to be working even better than most of the high blood pressure medications.
 

11. Black tea
Black tea contains caffeine which acts as a vasoconstrictor, and that’s the main reason why black tea is not something you usually see on a list of foods that increase nitric oxide. But despite black teas caffeine content, it still has some major vasodilating effects.
   Many studies claim that black tea significantly increases nitric oxide production and lessens the arterial stiffness.
   On top of that there is this study done back in 2009 which claims that more black tea = more bloodflow.
 

12. Cayenne pepper
Cayenne pepper contains high amount of capsaicin, the compound that makes all chili’s hot.
   One study noted that capsaicin has a dose dependent effect, meaning that more the subjects consumed capsaicin, the more their nitric oxide levels increased and arteries relaxed.
 

13. Honey
One animal study claims that honey significantly increases nitric oxide production.
   This is probably caused by either the high enzyme content, or the high nitrate content that honey has.
 

14. Pistachios
Like almost all nuts, pistachios are also packed with L-Arginine, a precursor of nitric oxide, that is known for its ability to increase nitric oxide production significantly.
 
15. Salmon
Wild salmon is a very good source of co-enzyme Q10, enzyme that can be spotted on moisturizer adds for women.
   Co-enzyme Q10 is not only great for soothing wrinkles, it’s also a very good nitric oxide booster as it has been shown in dozens of studies to increase nitric oxide production significantly.
 
16. Kale
Kale is also a very good source of co-enzyme Q10 which boosts nitric oxide.
   Kale also has very high nitrate content which makes it very good nitric oxide booster.
  Theres also many other health benefits linked to kale, such as increased testosterone levels and improved arterial health.
 
17. Animal organs
One of the greatest foods that every man should be consuming are the animal organs.
   The organs contain high amounts of cholesterol and healthy fat-soluble vitamins that boost your testosterone levels.
   Those organs are also very good source for co-enzyme Q10 that increases nitric oxide levels, so it’s a win-win situation if you eat organs!
 
18. Onions
Onions are not only good for your testosterone levels, as they have been shown to increase nitric oxide production in 2 different studies.
   They are also a very good source of vitamin C, which as explained above protects your nitric oxide molecule from free radicals.
   Onions also contain a compound called quercetin, explained briefly here. Querceting is well known for its ability to boost nitric oxide levels.
 
19. Shrimps
 Shrimps are one of the best sources of dietary L-Arginine, as mentioned above L-Arginine is an amino acid and precursor of nitric oxide.
   By consuming shrimps you are essentially increasing the amount of L-Arginine in your body which then converts into nitric oxide.
 
20. Peanut butter
 Nuts are high in arginine and peanut butter is filled with what? Peanuts of course! Now what could be any more easier than consuming some tasty peanut butter to increase nitric oxide production? Nothing. Except perhaps eating a watermelon…

 Anyhow consume some peanut butter, preferably organic kind with unprocessed peanuts to increase your nitric oxide levels naturally.