1) White bread, refined flours. By definition, white bread and refined flours in general are toxic for your body because they have been stripped of virtually all vitamins, minerals, fiber, and other important nutrients. Because of this, the body does not know how to properly digest and assimilate these so-called foods, which can lead to health problems. Refined white flour has also been bleached with chlorine and brominated with bromide, two poisonous chemicals that have been linked to causing thyroid and organ damage. (http://drlwilson.com/ARTICLES/BREAD.htm)
2) Conventional frozen meals. Most conventionally-prepared frozen meals are loaded with preservatives, processed salt, hydrogenated oils and other artificial ingredients, not to mention the fact that most frozen meals have been heavily pre-cooked, rendering their nutrient content minimal at best (especially after getting microwaved again at home). With the exception of a few truly healthy frozen meal brands such as Amy’s and Organic Bistro, most frozen meals are little more than disease in a box, so avoid them in favor of fresh foods. (http://www.4us2be.com)
3) White rice. Like white bread, white rice has been stripped of most of its nutrients, and separated from the bran and germ, two natural components that make up rice in its brown form. Even so-called “fortified” white rice is nutritionally deficient, as the body still processes this refined food much differently than brown rice, which is absorbed more slowly and does not cause the same spike in blood sugar that white rice does. (http://globalnaturopath.com)
4) Microwaveable popcorn. This processed food is a favorite among moviegoers and regular snackers alike, but it is one of the unhealthiest foods you can eat. Practically every component of microwaveable popcorn, from the genetically-modified (GM) corn kernels to the processed salt and preservative chemicals used to enhance its flavor, is unhealthy and disease-promoting. On top of this, microwaveable popcorn contains a chemical known as diacetyl that can actually destroy your lungs. If you love popcorn, stick with organic kernels that you can pop yourself in a kettle and douse with healthy ingredients like coconut oil, grass-fed butter, and Himalayan pink salt. (http://www.naturalnews.com)
5) Cured meat products with nitrates, nitrites. Deli meats, summer sausage, hot dogs, bacon, and many other meats sold at the grocery store are often loaded with sodium nitrite and other chemical preservatives that have been linked to causing heart disease and cancer. If you eat meat, stick with uncured, nitrite and nitrate-free varieties, and preferably those that come from organic, grass-fed animals. (http://www.naturalnews.com/028824_processed_meat_heart_disease.html)
Read more at http://www.realfarmacy.com/7-foods-that-you-should-never-eat-again/#4jAi6jJ34WqO8XJX.99
(HealthDay News) -- Before full-blown diabetes sets in, people typically develop a syndrome known as "prediabetes." Now a new study shows that people who are not obese but who have a family history of diabetes are at higher risk of becoming prediabetic, too.
Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not as high as seen in diabetes.
It was known that a family history of type 2 diabetes increases a person's risk of diabetes, but it was not known if it increased the risk of prediabetes.
In the study, researchers led by Dr. Andreas Fritsche of the German Center for Diabetes Research looked at more than 5,400 people with normal blood sugar levels and more than 2,600 with prediabetes.
After taking into account age, sex and body fat, the researchers concluded that people with a family history of diabetes were 26 percent more likely to develop prediabetes.
Further analysis showed that the link between a family history of diabetes and prediabetes risk was seen only in people who were not obese, according to the study which was published Aug. 21 in the journal Diabetologia.
One expert not connected to the study said the finding raises new questions.
"It is interesting to note that this association was not demonstrated in those who were obese," said Dr. Alyson Myers, an endocrinologist at North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, N.Y. "It would be helpful to look at these patients over time -- rather than at one point in time as was done in this study -- to see how these rates would change with weight loss or gain."
The study authors offered up their own theory on why the connection was most evident among slimmer people. "This might indicate [that] the effect of family history on prediabetes becomes readily measurable only when not overshadowed by strong risk factors such as obesity," they wrote.
The American Academy of Family Physicians has more about prediabetes .
SOURCES: Alyson Myers, M.D., endocrinologist, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, N.Y.; Diabetologia, news release, Aug. 21, 2013
TORONTO -- More that 2,000 foot amputations took place in Canada in 2011-12 due to complications of diabetes, according to a new report on wounds in the Canadian health-care context.
Amplifying that already evident tragedy is the fact that many of those amputations could have been avoided, with good blood sugar control and careful foot care, said Dr. Jan Hux, chief scientific adviser for the Canadian Diabetes Association.
People suffering from both forms of the disease -- Type 1 and Type 2 -- are at higher risk of having to undergo an amputation because of a one-two punch diabetes throws.
The disease damages the small blood vessels that feed the nerves in the extremities, particularly the feet. That leads to a loss of sensation, which leaves diabetics with neuropathy (the term for the condition), unable to sense small cuts, blisters or abrasions on their feet. As a result, they may continue to wear a shoe that is rubbing, or won't know to clean and treat a cut or blister.
Once wounds form, they are slow to heal. Hux explained that the damage to the blood vessels prevents white blood cells from getting to the source of infection to clean up wounds and start the healing process. It even impairs flow of antibiotics to the site of the wound, if those medications are needed.
Depending on how far the damage has progressed, people can need to undergo a substantial amputation merely because what would be a small wound on someone else will not heal.
"If the injury is just in a toe, surely they could just do an amputation of the toe? But the very thing that prevents your own body from healing the wound in the toe would prevent it from healing the incision once you've done the surgery," Hux said.
"And so if the blood vessels aren't good in the foot and the blood vessels aren't good at the ankle and the blood vessels aren't good at the calf, you may end up with an above-the-knee amputation for a wound on the toe because that's how far the surgeon has to go to get tissue that has a sufficiently good blood supply that it will be able to heal after the surgery."
Diabetes care: Diabetes foot self-care
Most people only become aware that they have diabetes, after they develop major complications. These complications generally affect the eyes, heart, blood vessels, kidneys, nerves, teeth and gums. However, one of the most dreadful health complications that diabetes can cause is the diabetic foot.
Diabetic foot usually occurs as a consequence of diabetic neuropathy, which means damage to the nerves because of uncontrolled blood sugars. According to the World Health Organization, almost 27 per cent of diabetics develop periphery neuropathy and more than 50 per cent of those develop foot ulcers, gangrene and amputation resulting in a high mortality rate.
With increasing blood sugar levels, the blood circulation in the legs and feet may deteriorate and the nerves may become less sensitive leading to diabetic foot. This occurs due to neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease and infections. Nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy results in loss of sensation in the feet and makes diabetics more prone to other foot infections. There is also a diminution in sweat and oil gland functionality that lubricates the skin of the foot. As a result, the foot loses its natural ability to moisturise the overlying skin and becomes dry. These factors can lead to abnormal pressure on the skin, bones and joints of the foot during walking and can lead to a breakdown of the skin on the foot. Since there is no pain, most patients do not realise the gravity of the situation and tend to ignore minor injuries like a shoe bite. Peripheral Vascular disease, on the other hand, contributes to ulcerations and leads to delayed healing of those ulcers. Also, the diabetic foot can get infected and if the infection spreads down to the bone, it can lead to an amputation of the affected limb.
Symptoms of diabetic foot:
-A tingling or burning feeling in the toes and foot
-Numbness or loss of sensation in the foot
-Acute or piercing pain
-Serious foot problems such as ulcers, deformities in foot
-Difficulty in walking
Self care for diabetics:
-The foot should be cleaned thoroughly and then moisturised with skin cream at least twice a day in order to avoid dryness.
-Lukewarm water and soap should be used for cleaning the feet.
-One should check his/her feet everyday to look for any major or minor traumas. -There should not be any pressure marks or cracks between the spaces of the toes, redness or swelling around nails.
-One should wear comfortable and sturdy shoes, which are not too tight or loose to avoid shoe bites or pressure ulcers. The best socks to wear are woolen or cotton socks.
-Toe nails should be trimmed with nail clippers after washing the feet.
One should quit smoking as it damages the blood vessels and leads to poor blood circulation.
-One should avoid immersing the foot in hot water.
-One should not self-treat blisters occurring due to tight footwear. If there is blood or pus in the blister, a doctor should be consulted immediately.
-A proper control on blood sugar levels should be maintained by eating a balanced diet and taking prescribed medications.
There are some treatments that slow the progression of the disease, relieve pain and prevent complications. Most people need a combination of medications to relieve the pain. Some antidepressants (like amitriptyline, imipramine and duloxetine) can be given to diabetics to give them relief from pain. However, their prolonged use can have side effects like constipation, drowsiness and headaches. Nerve supplements such as methylcobal and gamma linolenic acid (GLA) as well as certain other medications can also be prescribed by the doctor.
Diabetic foot, if not treated on time, can lead to amputations. Although, there is no cure for diabetic neuropathy, most of the amputations can be prevented with timely treatment and proper education.
Study Finds Antipsychotics Triple Diabetes Risk
A new study suggests that medications often prescribed to individuals with developmental disabilities are associated with a significantly heightened risk for diabetes.
Researchers found that young people taking atypical antipsychotics like Risperdal, Seroquel, Abilify and Zyprexa were three times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes within the first year of using the drugs as compared to those taking other psychiatric medications.
The finding, published this month in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, is based on a review of medical records from 1996 through 2007 for individuals ages 6 to 24 enrolled in Tennessee’s Medicaid program. Nearly 29,000 of those studied were prescribed antipsychotics while the remaining 14,400 were taking other types of psychiatric drugs.
Beyond the threefold increase observed in the first year of taking antipsychotics, the study found that the risk for diabetes increased with cumulative dosages and persisted for at least a year after stopping the medications.
Doctors should carefully consider alternatives to antipsychotic medications and ensure that they are keeping tabs on kids who do take the drugs, said Wayne Ray, a professor of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University and senior author of the study.
“Children should be monitored carefully for metabolic effects predisposing them to diabetes, and use of the drug should be at the lowest possible dose for the shortest possible time,” he said
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - People with diabetes who ate a diet consistent with general health guidelines and high in fruit, vegetables, fiber and unsaturated fat were less likely to develop kidney disease than unhealthy eaters, in a new study.
Researchers also found that eating normal amounts of salt and protein was not tied to a higher risk of kidney disease or death - despite doctors traditionally recommending people with diabetes go easy on those nutrients.
"Most of the recommendations we give are opinion-based, I think," Dr. Rainer Oberbauer, who worked on the study at the Medical University of Vienna in Austria, said.
"Since there are no randomized trials on the other parameters that they usually recommend such as salt restriction, fruits, vegetables and so on, doctors recommend what's kind of logical and intuitive without any real data."
Among people with diabetes, high amounts of sugar in the blood can lead to kidney damage over time. So can high blood pressure, which often accompanies diabetes.
For the new report, Oberbauer and his colleagues followed about 6,200 people aged 55 and older with diabetes and no advanced kidney problems. Those people were part of a larger multi-country study on diabetes and vascular disease funded by the pharmaceutical company Boehringer Ingelheim.
Participants filled out questionnaires about how often they ate a range of foods. The researchers plotted those responses on a healthy eating scale of 0 (lowest quality) to 90 (highest quality).
People in the study had an average diet score of 24.6, with a range of 9.8 to 66.2.
Over the next five and a half years, about 32 percent of study participants developed kidney disease and eight percent died.
Oberbauer and his colleagues found that participants who scored in the top one-third for overall diet were 26 percent less likely to be diagnosed with chronic kidney disease and 39 percent less likely to die during the study period than those in the bottom one-third.
That was after taking into account their age, gender and how long each person had had diabetes.
Moderate drinking - about five alcoholic drinks per week - was tied to a lower risk of chronic kidney disease, as was eating more animal protein.
Sodium, measured from a urine sample, was not linked to a person's chance of developing new or worsening kidney disease except at very high or low levels.
The results don't prove that eating a healthier diet can ward off kidney problems.
But, the researchers wrote in JAMA Internal Medicine, "If the associations identified would be causal, then for each 1,000 individuals with type 2 diabetes and vascular disease adhering to a healthy diet, 131 would be expected to experience incidence or progression of (chronic kidney disease) within the next 5 years compared with 151 individuals on an unhealthy diet."
Dr. Holly Kramer, who studies nutrition and kidney disease at Loyola University Chicago, said the study had a number of limitations - including that sodium was measured in the urine at a single time point, rather than over one or more days, and that the researchers didn't have data on the total amount of calories people ate each day.
However, she said the findings are consistent with past studies showing that fruit and leafy green vegetables, in particular, are beneficial.
"You really need to look at all of the results together and summarize what is consistently found, and use that to determine nutritional guidelines," Kramer, who co-wrote an editorial published with the new study, told Reuters Health.
That research "consistently shows that if you eat fresh fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, that that is helpful," she said. "And eating more of the American-style (diet), which is red meat, fat, sugar, is not beneficial and increases the risk of kidney disease."
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - In a study of middle-aged and older people with type 2 diabetes, declines in thinking and memory that are often linked to later dementia happened faster in those who were depressed compared to those who were not.
Over less than four years, U.S. and Canadian researchers saw significant differences between depressed and non-depressed diabetes patients in the erosion of a wide range of cognitive abilities.
"Depression appears to be an important risk factor for dementia and cognitive decline among patients with diabetes," Dr. Mark Sullivan, professor of psychiatry at the University of Washington and lead author of the study, told Reuters Health in an email.
Both diabetes and depression have been found to raise the risk of Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia later in life. But whether depression is a cause or an effect of cognitive decline remains unclear.
Diabetes can damage organs, especially the kidneys, eyes, nervous system and brain. The disease also raises a person's risk for having a cardiovascular "event" such as a heart attack or stroke.
More than one-quarter of Americans older than age 65 have diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An estimated 6.5 million Americans in this age group suffer from depression, according to the National Alliance for Mental Illness.
To assess the role of depression in cognitive decline among older diabetes patients, Sullivan's team looked at data on nearly 3,000 people over age 55 with type 2 diabetes and risk factors for cardiovascular events. On average, participants had had diabetes for about 9 years.
Tests of cognitive abilities were given to all participants at the study's beginning, and again at 20 months and 40 months. One test measured psychomotor speed, or how long it takes the brain to register a stimulus, process it and respond. Another looked at the ability to remember words over time. A third test measured executive functioning, or how the brain uses memories to plan actions, pay attention and inhibit inappropriate behavior.
Researchers determined whether an individual was depressed using a 9-question form patients filled out themselves.
More than 2,600 people completed the tests at all three time points. Sixty-two percent of these never had scores indicating depression. Eighteen percent were depressed at the start of the study, 16 to 17 percent were depressed at 20 and 40 months and five percent had scores indicating depression at all three time points.
Researchers found that people with symptoms of depression at any point were more likely to be women, younger, non-Hispanic whites, overweight or obese, and to have higher blood sugar, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein, or "bad" cholesterol, than others.
Yet, the researchers report in JAMA Psychiatry, depression was linked to greater cognitive decline regardless of other risk factors. These included age, gender, race, obesity, smoking, alcohol use, previous cardiovascular events, as well the types of diabetes and heart disease medications the participants were taking.
"This study demonstrates that depression accelerates cognitive decline in patients with diabetes, over a short time frame, in all patient subgroups, and in all cognitive domains assessed," Sullivan said.
"Whether depression treatment will reverse this effect remains to be tested in a separate randomized trial," he said.
"The broad range of cognitive tests used indicates widespread cognitive problems in performance, memory and speed of task completion," said Dr. Mark Nathanson, director of the geriatric psychiatry fellowship at Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, who was not involved in the study.
He and Sullivan both cautioned, however, that the role of depression in cognitive decline may be complex.
Depression itself is associated with increases in stress hormones, inflammation and other processes that could directly contribute to cognitive decline, Sullivan said. But the array of other diseases that often go along with diabetes may also harm cognition and promote depression.
People with diabetes are at higher risk for vascular dementia, for example, which develops when blood supply to parts of the brain is cut off, often during a series of unnoticed "mini-strokes" that cause brain cells to die. Depression might be an early symptom of vascular disease in the brain, which later develops into dementia.
"My clinical experience is that dementing illness like Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia commonly present to the primary care clinician and mental health professional with depressive symptoms," Nathanson, who is also a clinical assistant professor of psychiatry, wrote in an email.
Vascular dementia is different from Alzheimer's disease, which causes the majority of dementia cases in the U.S. and forms characteristic plaques in the brain.
One implication of this study, Nathanson said, is that primary care physicians would do well to pay attention to and treat depression in people with chronic illnesses like diabetes.
The emergence of diabetes is turning out to be debilitating day-by-day. According to the World Health Organization, there are about 346 million people worldwide with diabetes, with more than 80% of deaths occurring in developing countries.
By following simple healthy lifestyle habits, one can easily stay away from the fangs of the killer Diabetes.
-Be physically active: Exercise is the key to say no to diabetes. It not just helps reduce weight, but also regulates blood sugar levels. Half-hour of exercise whether aerobic exercise, or activities like dancing, playing tennis, brisk walking etc. reduces risk of Type 2 diabetes by 30%.
- Healthy diet: Consuming a healthy diet is a must to keep diabetes at bay. Eating foods that are rich in fibre helps to naturally balance sugar levels in the body. Avoid the habit of overeating and instead divide your meals into 5-6 including snacks, juices etc. to stay healthy. Also, don’t do emotional eating as it leads to weight gain and eventually diabetes. Junk food is a strict no-no as they are a major reason of obesity and diabetes.
-Sleep: Sleeping for at least 7-8 hours in a day is a must as proper sleep will make one feel energetic, put a check on cravings for high-calorie food and hence save one from being a victim of obesity and eventually diabetes.
-Manage stress: Stress is the major reason of why people fall prey to diabetes. Stress can actually play havoc on one’s health. As a result, the stressed out person tends to resort to unhealthy food habits like eating junk food, eating after long gaps, emotional eating etc. Also one might start smoking, consuming alcohol etc. Besides that, stress hormones may alter blood glucose levels directly increasing the risk of the diabetes. So it is important to keep a check on one’s stress levels by adapting to yoga, meditation, exercising, listening music or anything that makes you happy and stress free.
Scientists have discovered that one of the most diabolical proteins implicated in diabetes not only kills insulin-producing cells through one mechanism, but also damages the cells it doesn't kill through a second, novel mechanism.
Reigning in this rogue protein, called TXNIP, could significantly control diabetes, a disease that affects nearly 9 percent of Americans and is rapidly becoming a major cause of death and disability worldwide.
The scientists, from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, identified several never-before-realized routes to target TXNIP with drugs. Their study appears today (Aug. 25) in the journal Nature Medicine.
The protein TXNIP, short for thioredoxin-interacting protein, is involved in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Anath Shalev, director of the UAB Comprehensive Diabetes Center and senior author on the new paper, discovered nearly a decade ago that TXNIP is activated by sugars and kills beta cells. She found that TXNIP can unleash a wave of molecules called free radicals that tell the beta cells to commit cellular suicide in a process called apoptosis.
Those who eat diets high in fruits and vegetables may be at a decreased risk for an often deadly form of aortic aneurysm, according to researchers from Sweden's Karolinska Institute.
An aortic aneurysm is a general term for an enlargement (dilation) of the aorta to greater than 1.5 times normal size. While the cause of an aneurysm may be multifactorial, the end result is an underlying weakness in the wall of the aorta at that location. The aneurysm may occasionally cause pain, which is a sign of impending rupture. When rupture occurs, massive internal hemorrhage results, and, unless treated immediately, shock and death can occur within minutes to hours.
Researchers broke 80,000 people between the ages of 46 and 84 into four groups, determined by the amount of fruits and vegetables they consumer daily.
Over the course of the 13-year study, 1,086 people had abdominal aortic aneurysms and 222 of those ruptured. Many such aneurysms are lethal, as they occur in the body's main aorta. The researchers found that those who ate the most fruits and vegetables were 31 percent less likely to suffer an abdominal aortic aneurysms and 39 percent less likely to have one rupture.
"A high consumption of fruits may help to prevent many vascular diseases, and our study suggests that a lower risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm will be among the benefits. Vegetables remain important for health. Other studies have found that eating more fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and several cancers," said lead researcher Otto Stackelberg.
Broccoli is rich in glucoraphanin, may help fight a variety of afflictions including type two diabetes, cancer and obesity. The broccoli Beneforte, so called super broccoli, was developed by scientists who discovered a wild broccoli variety with high levels of glucoraphanin.
In the stomach, glucoraphanin is converted into sulforaphane, which interferes with the cancer process of cell division, while triggering the body's anti-oxidant defense mechanism.
Researchers tested the super broccoli on 48 volunteers divided into three groups: the first consumed about 400 grams of Beneforte broccoli per week for 12 weeks, the second ate an identical amount of regular broccoli, and the third consumed peas but no broccoli.
The participants who ate the super broccoli showed improved metabolism and improved processes of energy generation and synthesis of fatty acids and other metabolites.
The first trial shows that a diet rich in cruciferous vegetables effectively 're-tunes' our metabolism by rebalancing key reactions in the body - anapleurosis and catapleurosis - that are disrupted with age.
Walking reduces diabetes risk. It’s a fact. A study by the Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, discovered that walking for 30 minutes a day cut diabetes risks for overweight as well as non-overweight men and women. Walking also helps maintain blood sugar balance for those with diabetes.
How do you keep track of your footstep? Buy a “Fit bit” on Amazon or anywhere else, strap it on your wrist and leave it there. Fit bit will tally your daily steps.
The medical world says that when it comes to walking for fitness, the perfect number for great heart health is about 10,000 steps – the same as walking about 5 miles. In a recent study, walking that distance proved critical to both cardiovascular fitness and blood sugar levels.
The study says that otherwise healthy people who dropped from walking 10,000 steps to about 1,000 steps daily had higher insulin resistance and weaker cardiovascular fitness after just 2 weeks of cutting back. In 14 days of fewer steps, their hearts started to process oxygen less efficiently, and their blood couldn't break down sugars as well.
Each step you take counts towards the 10,000 step goal.
Here are some other reaons to walk.
Walkers Live Longer so says the Honolulu Heart Study of 8000 men found that walking just two miles a day cut the risk of death almost in half. The walkers' risk of death was especially lower from cancer.
Walking Helps Prevent Weight Gain. By adding 2000 more steps a day to your regular activities, you may never gain another pound says research by Dr. James O. Hill of the Center for Human Nutrition at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. To lose weight, add in more steps.
You Can Walk off Weight and walking reduces the risk of cancer. Study after study has shown that walking and exercise reduces your risk of breast cancer and colon cancer.
Walking also reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke. You can cut your risk of both in half by walking for 30-60 minutes a day
Walking Boosts Your Brain Power. A study of people over 60 funded by the National Council on Aging, found that walking 45 minutes a day at 16-minute mile pace increased the thinking skills of those over 60.
Walking also improves moods and relieves stress. A study published in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine showed that university students who walked and did other easy to moderate exercise regularly had lower stress levels than couch potatoes or those who exercised strenuously.
Walking can prevent erectile dysfunction by reducing the risk of impotence from mid-life onward.
Dr. Rachel Witmer, a medical researcher reviewed health records for 29,961 type 2 diabetes patients over the age of 60. They found that over the course of the ten-year study roughly 17 percent of all patients developed dementia.
They cross checked each patient for any combination of 45 different risk factors including age, depression, heart disease, heart attack history and cerebrovascular disease. Using those statistics the researchers were able to break patients down in 14 different tiers of dementia risk. They found that those in highest predicted risk categories did, in fact, develop dementia more frequently.
Children born to women who consume a large amount of junk food during pregnancy may be at an increased risk of mental disorders, according to a new study from researchers at Deakin University in Australia.
For the study the researchers revealed health records from over 23,000 mothers who took part in a study of mothers and children in Norway. As part of the study the mothers were surveyed on their diets throughout pregnancy and children were examined for mental disorders at both 18 months and three years.
They found that those women who ate the largest amounts of sugary sweets, salty food and refined cereals most frequently had children with behavioral problems:
Encouraging 'good' behaviour in youngsters definitely makes parents' lives easier. It is also assumed to instill positive personality traits that will help them grow in to well rounded adults. And now new research has revealed that a person's behaviour as a child could have a startling impact on their waistline in their future.
The longitudinal study observed a group of Hawaiian schoolchildren in the 1960s and then compared their vital statistics today as 50-year-old adults.
The research found that children who acted in an irresponsible and careless manner compared to those who do not were prone to adult obesity, with the children who exhibited lower conscientiousness also generally experiencing worse overall health as adults.
Children exhibiting lower conscientiousness are more prone to adult obesity and other health issues
The Oregon Research Institute (ORI) study examined the relationship between childhood personality and adult health. It showed a strong association between childhood conscientiousness (organised, dependable, self-disciplined) and health status in adulthood, as reported in Science Daily.
'These results are significant and unique because they show the far-reaching effects of childhood conscientiousness on adult health.
'Others have shown that more conscientiousness children live longer. Now we have shown that these conscientious children are also healthier at midlife' noted Dr. Hampson.
'Self-control is a key part of being conscientious, so our findings confirm the importance of teaching children self-control to enable then to grow up to be healthy adults,' said Hampson.
Raised blood sugar is linked to dementia even in people without diabetes, a study has shown.
A study of 2,000 older patients found a close link between glucose levels and dementia risk
Scientists found a close association between glucose levels and dementia risk in a group of 2,000 older patients aged 65 and over.
Even in apparently healthy participants, a blood sugar level increase from 100 to 115 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dl) raised the risk of dementia by 18%.
In those with diabetes, whose blood sugar tends to be higher than average, the risk was higher. A diabetes patient with a glucose reading of 190 mg/dl was 40% more at risk than one with a level of 160 mg/dl.
The findings appear in the New England Journal Of Medicine.
Researchers found that schizophrenia patients were 4.7 times more likely to die within the 6.2 years of follow-up if they were smokers. But in half the patients with immune conditions, diabetes was also a leading cause of death. Nearly one third of patients with schizophrenia also had urinary tract infections.
The first academic study to assess whether dogs could be reliably used to ¬provide an early-warning system to monitor glycaemia control has been carried out by researchers from the University of Bristol and published in the journal PLOS ONE.
Experts have proved for the first time that dogs trained to respond to their owner’s low blood sugar levels can save them from a potentially fatal hypoglycaemic attack. The animals use their acute sense of smell to detect changes in the chemical composition of their owner’s sweat or breath. They can be taught to raise the alarm by barking, pawing or even fetching a blood testing kit.
Another study has been published linking BPA to childhood obesity. Another, a separate study shows a possible connection between a widely used plasticizer and diabetes.
Both studies are to be published in the September 2013 edition of the journal Pediatrics and are currently available for free online.
The first study [PDF] investigated the relationship between levels of BPA in urine and subjects’ body mass index (BMI), as well as other chronic disease risk factors.
BPA is a chemical commonly used in food and beverage packaging in the U.S., though it has recently been banned for use in the making of baby bottles and infant formula packaging.
Researchers looked at around 3,300 Americans between the ages of 6 and 18, comparing their urinary BPA to measures of adiposity, cholesterol, insulin, and glucose. Results were adjusted for variables like demographics, tobacco exposure, and soda consumption.
They found that the children with the highest levels of urinary BPA also had better odds of being obese and of having waistlines out of proportion to the subject’s height. This study did not find a link between urinary and other chronic disease risk factors.
In general, critics of the study bring up two major objections. First, that urinary BPA levels don’t give any indication on whether BPA is actually being absorbed by any organs or tissues as it moves through the body, or if it’s moving through the body without having any effect. Second, some critics contend that the high level of obesity may be due to these people simply eating more food than others.
Earlier this summer, lawmakers in Washington introduced legislation that would phase out the use of products containing BPA, though it is unlikely to pass.
The Food and Drug Administration is cracking down on more than a dozen companies that market illegal treatments for diabetes, ranging from bogus dietary supplements to prescription drugs sold online without a prescription.
All of the products aim to cash in on the country's diabetes epidemic, which affects nearly 26 million Americans. Regulators worry that consumers who buy such unapproved products could put off getting legitimate medical care, which could exacerbate heart disease, kidney failure and other deadly complications.
The FDA sent warning letters to 15 companies, both in the U.S. and abroad, ordering them to stop selling diabetes treatments which violate U.S. drug laws.
Three of the products targeted are marketed as "natural" supplements, but actually contain unlisted pharmaceutical ingredients. For example, Diexi, which is sold as a traditional Indian "herbal formula," actually contains metformin, the most common prescription drug used to treat diabetes. The product is sold by Amrutam Life Care, of Surat, India.
"Consumers should exercise caution before using products claiming to be herbal or all-natural alternatives to FDA-approved prescription drugs," the agency said in a statement Tuesday. "These products should be considered unsafe and should not be used."
Other products include genuine dietary supplements that make unproven claims to treat or prevent diabetes. For example, Diabetes Daily Care is a capsule-based supplement containing cinnamon extract and other herbs. Its manufacturer, Nature's Health Supply Inc., claims it "safely and effectively improves sugar metabolism."
Other companies targeted by the FDA run online pharmacies that sell prescription drugs for diabetes without a prescription. The FDA issued a warning letter to www.bestcheapmedsonline.com for marketing unapproved versions of diabetes drugs like Januvia, from Merck & Co. Inc.
The FDA warns patients against buying prescription medications on the Internet. Only 3 percent of online pharmacies actually comply with all U.S. pharmacy laws, according to a review by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy.
People with diabetes are unable to properly break down carbohydrates, either because their bodies do not produce enough insulin or because they've become resistant to the hormone, which controls blood sugar levels. These patients face higher risks of heart attacks, kidney problems, blindness and other serious complications.
Many diabetics require multiple drugs to control their blood sugar levels.
The U.S. market for prescription diabetes drugs is the largest in the world, with sales of $22 billion last year. Sales have ballooned more than 60 percent in the last four years from $13.6 billion in 2008, according to health data firm, IMS Health.
The FDA said it has not received any reports of injury or illness connected with the products, but is taking action as a precautionary measure.
The FDA sent the warning letters to the companies last week, but posted them online Tuesday morning. The letters gives each company 15 business days to reply and explain how they will come into compliance with U.S. law. FDA warning letters are not legally binding, but the agency can take companies to court if they are ignored.
Diabetic patients of South Asian or Chinese ancestry had a lower risk of cardiovascular complications and death over a 5-year period compared with those with a European background, researchers found.
The risk of being hospitalized for coronary artery disease, stroke, or lower-extremity amputation was marginally lower among South Asian patients (HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.90-1.00) but substantially lower for Chinese patients (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.46-0.53), according to Baiju Shah, MD, PhD, of the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Toronto, and colleagues.
And the risk of dying through a median of 4.7 years of follow-up was more than 40% lower for both South Asian patients (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.55-0.62) and Chinese patients (HR 0.56, 95% CI 0.52-0.60), the researchers reported in the September issue of Diabetes Care.
Compared with people of European ancestry, many ethnic groups have an elevated risk of diabetes, although it remains unclear how the occurrence of diabetes-related cardiovascular complications might vary, particularly outside of black and Hispanic populations.
Of the components of the cardiovascular complication endpoint, coronary artery disease was less frequent among Chinese patients (but not South Asian patients), stroke was less frequent among South Asians (but not Chinese patients), and lower-extremity amputation was less frequent for both ethnic groups compared with Europeans.
Europeans carried a greater risk of cardiovascular complications and death during follow-up despite having more intensive diabetes screening before receiving their diagnosis; the average number of lab tests for diabetes screening in the 2 years before diagnosis was 2.47 for Europeans and 2.38 and 2.37 for South Asians and Chinese patients, respectively (P<0.001 for both).
The authors acknowledged that the study was limited in that the data did not include important clinical information -- including diabetes treatments and glycemic and risk factor control. In addition, the assigning of ethnicity based on surnames might have lumped some other non-European ethnic groups aside from South Asians and Chinese patients in with the Europeans.