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Beat it

Weight-Loss Groups More Beneficial Than Self-Help Groups

Obese adults are more likely to lose weight in groups like Weight Watchers than on their own, according to a study undertaken by Baylor College of Medicine.
The study, published in the American Journal of Medicine, compared a group of 147 Weight Watchers members and 145 people using the self-help method. On average, the Weight Watcher group lost ten pounds in six months, whereas the self-help group lost only 1.3 pounds in the same time frame.
"This clinical trial demonstrates that when Weight Watchers meetings, mobile applications and online tools are used in combination, the greatest weight loss is achieved," said lead investigator Craig Johnston, Ph.D., an Assistant Professor at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.
According to the National Institutes of Health, almost 70 percent of American adults are classified as overweight.
"As the nation's largest provider of intensive behavioral therapy, Weight Watchers can provide proven, effective, affordable and convenient treatment to tackle this public health challenge," Weight Watchers International saidin a statement.

overweight as adolescents are at a higher risk of developing gastric and esophageal cancers later in their lives.

A new study has found that children and adolescents who are overweight as adolescents are at a higher risk of developing gastric and esophageal cancers later in their lives.

The study, conducted by Dr. Zohar Levi and his team at the Rabin Medical Center in Israel, examined one million 17-year-old males at their health check for military service and tracked their BMI. The subjects were followed for an average of 18 years into their late thirties and tracked against the national cancer registry, with subjects who were overweight showing a 2.1 fold increased risk of developing esophageal cancers and teens of a low socioeconomic background showing a 2.2 fold increased risk of developing intestinal gastric cancer.

Dr. Levi noted: "Adolescents who are overweight and obese are prone to esophageal cancer, probably due to reflux that they have throughout their life. Also, a lower socioeconomic position as a child has a lot of impact upon incidence of gastric cancer as an adult."

He added that the effects of losing weight later in life or rising in socioeconomic status had not been shown to decrease the cancer risk of overweight teens.

Another reason you and I need to get up and go for a walk......

Exercise Effective In Treating Certain Diseases

 Exercise is as beneficial or more so than treating certain ailments with drugs, according to researchers at Harvard and Stanford Universities.

The study, published in the British Medical Journal, compared the results of exercise/drug routines in patients suffering from heart disease, pre-diabetes, as well as patients recovering from stroke.

The scientists found no difference between exercise and drug regimens for heart disease and pre-diabetes patients, while noting that exercise was more effective in helping stroke patients recover.

"In cases where drug options provide only modest benefit, patients deserve to understand the relative impact that physical activity might have on their condition," said study authors Huseyin Naci of Harvard and John Ioannidis of Stanford.

In contrast to the study's results, Medical News Today observed that most adults in the U.S. and U.K. do not meet recommended levels of physical activity; meanwhile, prescription drug rates continue to rise.

Another reason for you and I lose weight.............

Study Links Obesity And Pancreatic Cancer

A direct link between pancreatic cancer and obesity has been discovered by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center (JCCC).

The study, published in the Cancer Prevention Journal, looked at two groups of mice — one fed a normal diet and another group fattened by high-calorie, high-fat diets.

The mice in the latter group were fatter, had less healthy pancreases and a higher incidence of PanIN lesions, or pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia lesions, which are a common precursor to pancreatic cancer.

"The development of these lesions in mice is very similar to what happens in humans. These lesions take a long time to develop into cancer, so there is enough time for cancer preventive strategies, such as changing to a lower fat, lower calorie diet, to have a positive effect," said Dr. Guido Eibl, the study's lead author.

The survival rate for pancreatic cancer is less than 14 percent

Tom Hanks is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes 2

Despite experiencing symptoms for 20 years, the 57-year-old star has only just been diagnosed by a medical professional. Speaking in an interview with David Letterman, Hanks said: "I went to the doctors and they said 'You know those high blood sugar numbers you've been living with since you were 36, well you've graduated, you've got Type 2 Diabetes young man.'"

Researchers Find Biological Link Between Diabetes And Heart Disease

A biological link between diabetes and heart failure has been identified by researchers at the UC Davis Health System. The study, published in the journal Nature, identified a biological pathway that is activated when blood sugar levels are abnormally high, causing a condition called cardiac arrhythmia.
"The novel molecular understanding we have uncovered paves the way for new therapeutic strategies that protect the heart health of patients with diabetes," said Donald Bers, chairman of the UC Davis Department of Pharmacology andsenior author of the study.
Gerald Hart, one of the co-researchers, added that the findings may have even further reaching effects.
"[T]his represents the most clear-cut mechanistic study to date of how high glucose can directly affect the function of a critical regulatory protein," Hart said. "The Bers group's findings undoubtedly will lead to development of treatments for diabetic cardiovascular disease and, potentially, therapeutics for glucose toxicity in other tissues that are affected by diabetes such as the retina, the nervous system and the kidney."

The American Heart Association estimates that roughly 65 percent of people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.

Certain Fats May Help People Lose Weight

Stocking one's diet with a certain type of fat may increase metabolism and lead to weight loss, according to a study published in The Journal of Lipid Research. Scientists at Texas Tech isolated an enzyme called SCD1, which is present in the musculature of obese individuals.
SCD1 converts saturated fat into monounsaturated fat, which is easier to metabolize. The liver produces the enzyme depending on the fat content of the food consumed, but fatty adipose tissue produces it all the time as a self-regulating measure. The researchers genetically modified mice so that their muscles would continually produce the enzyme, then compared the modified mice with wild mice:
"We found in the genetically modified animals that they had a hypermetabolic rate. They were increasing their energy consumption, and they experienced greatly increased exercise capacity," said Ched Paton, assistant professor of nutritional biochemistry in the Department of Nutrition.

He added that the results could be applicable in humans: "You can't change the human genome, but that gives us insight if you could activate the same part of the DNA in human in skeletal muscles that burn off excess energy as heat instead of storing it. Perhaps it's a supplement people could take that will turn on the cells' metabolic machinery, burn off energy and increase mitochondria." 

You can beat diabetes and so can I. But good things take effort and sacrifice. Hang in there. JOHN


Don't fret. You not alone and we can beat diabetes. But be prepared, the little weasel will fight back. John


Diabetes and Depression Combo Hikes MI Risk

BARCELONA -- Individuals who have both diabetes and depression have an increased likelihood of having a myocardial infarction (MI), a large Swedish study affirmed.
The odds of having an MI compared with individuals without either condition were greatest among those ages 45 to 64, with the strongest association seen in women. The corresponding odds ratio for men in that age group was 2.8 (95% CI 2.5-3.2), RĂ„dholm reported at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes meeting here.

New Device May Estimate Calories In Food Using Internal Camera

New technology may be on the way that will allow dieters to count calories by merely taking a photo of the food they eat. The new tool, called the eButton, is in development from a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh in collaboration with Chinese researchers.
The item is just larger than the size of a quarter and is clipped onto the dieter's shirt, like a lapel button. Using an internal camera and microprocessor, the eButton then evaluates to food on a plate and compares the images captured to those in a stored data bank.
In early tests, researchers found that the eButton had an error rate of only about 3.69 percent. This is much lower than the average error rate from a visual estimate, which is over 20 percent.
"Besides the described application, eButton can evaluate people's lifestyle and help them adopt a healthy one, the researchers noted. "We are also doing research in using it to help the blind find their ways, monitor children's food intake [and] study gain and balance for the elderly to prevent falls."

Parents Receive Letters From Schools Regarding Obese Children

After testing students' body mass index (BMI), schools in 19 states have begun sending home "fat letters" to parents. Advocates of the reports say that the letters will help raise awareness of childhood obesity, while detractors say the method could trigger bad habits.
"I would like to see BMI testing in schools banned," Claire Mysko with the National Eating Disorders Association told Minnesota news source KSTC 45. "For those who are already insecure about their weight, these tests can potentially trigger an eating disorder."

According to ABC News, as many as 60 percent of all kids between the ages of 6 and 12 are self-conscious about their weight.However, Dr. Lanre Omojokun Falusi, a spokesperson for the American Academy of Pediatrics, called the BMI readings "the best means we have to determine whether a child's weight is healthy or unhealthy."

Diabetes Drugs May Carry Risk

Diabetes patients who take drugs called sulfonylureas as an initial therapy have a higher risk of death than those who take the diabetes drug metformin, a new study says.The British researchers said the findings suggest that it may no longer be appropriate to offer sulfonylureas as a first-line treatment.

Both metformin (brand names include Glucophage and Fortamet) and sulfonylureas (glyburide and glipizide) are commonly prescribed as first-line therapies for patients and have been available since the 1950s.

Diabetic India: Diabetes is hitting the young

Diabetes is the fastest growing long term disease that affects millions of people around the world. Learn more about diabetes with this guide to symptoms, treatments, food planning and more.
Diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot process it properly. This is because your pancreas do not produce any insulin, or not enough, to help glucose enter your body's cells - or the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance). The term diabetes is the shortened version of the full name 'diabetes mellitus'.
'Diabetes mellitus' is derived from the Greek word 'diabetes' meaning 'siphon' - to pass through and the Latin word 'mellitus' meaning 'honeyed' or 'sweet'. This is because in diabetes, excess sugar is found in the blood as well as in the urine. It was known in the 17th century as the "pissing evil".
There are two types of diabetes - Type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and occurs at a young age or in childhood. In these patients there is complete lack of the hormone insulin that mandates external administration of the hormone regularly as treatment. Worrying, many patients around the world and in our country are increasingly finding themselves in this category. Around 75 per cent of people have type 2 diabetes mellitus. The reasons for this are poor nutrition, rising stress levels, an improper metabolism and lack of fitness.
Studies show diabetes is classed as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. Diabetes specialist Dr Runwal says, "Even though diabetes is caused due to various reasons, one being hereditary, changing lifestyles and stressful lives that youngsters live, which has resulted in most patients aged 25 and above, being detected with diabetes at an early age. So, it is very essential to follow a healthy diet and exercise daily. Diabetes is linked with many complications and people who suffer from diabetes must be very careful with their eating and drinking habits."
Type 2 diabetes was earlier termed non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or maturity onset diabetes mellitus. In this, not enough insulin is produced or the insulin that is made by the body is insufficient to meet the needs of the body. Obesity or being overweight predisposes us to contract type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before, but who have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects about 4 per cent of all pregnant women. After childbirth the mother may go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
The problem with the disease is that it causes complications in other parts of the body.
Eye complications - glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy

Foot complications - neuropathy, ulcers, and sometimes gangrene, which may require the foot to be amputated

Skin complications - people with diabetes are more susceptible to skin infections and skin disorders

Heart problems - such as ischemic heart disease, when the blood supply to the heart muscle is diminished

Hypertension - common in people with diabetes, which can raise the risk of kidney disease, eye problems, heart attack and stroke

Mental health - uncontrolled diabetes raises the risk of suffering from depression, anxiety and some other mental disorders

Hearing loss - diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hearing problems

Gum disease - there is a much higher prevalence of gum disease among diabetes patients

Gastroparesis - the muscles of the stomach stop working properly
Neuropathy - diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage which can lead to several different problems

Nephropathy - uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to kidney disease
PAD (peripheral arterial disease) - symptoms may include pain in the legs, tingling and sometimes problems walking properly

Stroke - if blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood glucose levels are not controlled, the risk of stroke increases significantly

Erectile dysfunction - male impotence

Infections - people with badly controlled diabetes are much more susceptible to infections

Healing of wounds - cuts and lesions take much longer to heal
So, don't invite diabetes, start taking care of yourself today. Follow a simple diet daily, exercise and practice yoga to keep your body fit. A lot of people believe 'diabetes is caused due to excess eating of sweets or you get diabetes if you are overweight/obese. This is false, it is caused when the immune system has destroyed the insulin-producing beta cells. A diet high in calories, which can make people overweight/obese, raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, especially if there is a history of this disease in the family.

Diabetes is a serious disease, two thirds of diabetes patients die prematurely from stroke or heart disease. The life expectancy of a person with diabetes is five to ten years shorter than other people's. Many times we ignore minor symptoms, but always remember 'prevention is better than cure.' It's never too late to visit your nearest doctor and get yourself examined.

Antidepressant Medication Linked To Higher Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Antidepressants may have adverse effects on sugar metabolism, leading to diabetes, according to researchers at the University of Southampton. The findings, published in the journal Diabetes Care, highlight the connection between increased antidepressant use and increased diabetes.

The team looked at 22 previous studies on the connection between the two, finding that people on antidepressants were more likely to suffer from diabetes."Our research shows that when you take away all the classic risk factors of type 2 diabetes; weight gain, lifestyle etc, there is something about antidepressants that appears to be an independent risk factor," said lead author Dr. Katharine Barnard.

Co-author Richard Holt, professor in Diabetes and Endocrinology at Southampton, added:"While depression is an important clinical problem and antidepressants are effective treatments for this debilitating condition, clinicians need to be aware of the potential risk of diabetes, particularly when using antidepressants in higher doses or for longer duration."Antidepressants are the third most prescribed drug in the U.S

Brain Circuitry That Causes Overeating Discovered

Specific brain circuitry, responsible for causing overeating, has been discovered by researchers at the University of North Carolina's School of Medicine.The findings, published in the journal Science, offer a new look into the neuroscience of obesity, also offering hope for the development of treatments for anorexia and bulimia. The research team focused on a single cell in the brain that controls emotion. By stimulating the cell in mice brains, they found that the animals would reduce their food intake by half."The study underscores that obesity and other eating disorders have a neurological basis. With further study, we could figure out how to regulate the activity of cells in a specific region of the brain and develop treatments," said Garret Stuber, lead author of the study.He added that the further study of such brain cells could lead to the development of drugs to treat specific populations of patients who suffer from eating disorders. 

Statins Linked With Memory Impairment in New Trial

Some cholesterol controlling drugs known as statins may negatively impact the memory, according to a new study from researchers at the UK's University of Bristol. Researchers administered two different leading statin drugs to a group of rats. The two drugs tested were pravastatin (Pravachol) and atorvostatin (Lipitor).Over the course of 18 days the rats were given a scaled dose of either drug. Though their side effects were the same otherwise, they found that the atorvastatin caused slight memory impairment in the rats."This finding is novel and likely reflects both the anecdotal reports and FDA advice. What is most interesting is that it is not a feature of all statins," the researchers said. "However, in order to better understand the relationship between statin treatment and cognitive function, further studies are needed." 

Chicken nugget autopsy uncovers startling results

JACKSON, MS (Mississippi News Now) -For most kids, they're an all-time favorite. Fast food chicken nuggets. But parents might think twice about serving them after learning exactly what's in them.
"This is cartilage. This is gastrointestinal tissue. There's all kinds of random stuff in there that's not chicken meat," said Dr. Richard deShazo, a professor of medicine and pediatrics at the University of Mississippi Medical Center.
He has studied chicken nuggets at two popular Jackson fast food restaurants and it's been published under the title The Autopsy of Chicken Nuggets Reads "Chicken Little" in The American Journal of Medicine. Dr. deShazo says chicken nuggets are very high in fat, salt and sugar.
Chicken is supposed to be a healthy meat source and protein rich, and it is, until it's processed. "We have great Mississippi chicken. The problem is it get adulterated."
So the biggest question now, where did Dr. deShazo get the chicken nuggets he studied? People want to know, but he's not telling. "I'm seriously not telling because the food lobby is a very powerful lobby."
Also, Dr. deShazo says he would expect similar autopsy results from almost all fast food restaurants serving chicken nuggets, but he says some restaurants' chicken nuggets have better content than others.
(The AMA Journal report shows that the McNuggets were made up of bone tissue, fat, nerves and blood vessels)  
Dr. deShazo emphasizes his conclusions are not an attack on the fast food industry. "I don't think they're demons or bad people. I think they're trying to make money. I think they're trying to give us what we want."
What Dr. deShazo recommends is that people become more informed about the nutritional choices they make, and the consequences, if those choices are unwise. "We are eating ourselves to death in Mississippi. We have the highest rates of obesity, heart attack and diabetes," he said.