By Sujith Reghu
Diabetes by Jill Brown
As researchers in the Cornell University, Ithaca, NY successfully tested a probiotic in rats that reduces blood glucose levels by up to 30%, hopes are high about a possible cure for diabetes in humans too. According to the study, a genetically engineered strain of lactobacillus (a bacteria part of the intestinal bacteria of human), could transform intestinal cells to function in the similar way as pancreatic beta cells, which regulate blood sugar levels and secrete insulin in non-diabetics. Extensive research is underway to adapt this finding into humans; if successfully developed this drug can be administered orally to control diabetes. As the medical community and the affected individuals eagerly wait for a cure, here are some basic facts to consider if you are affected by diabetes.
Diabetes can be asymptomatic: According to experts in the field, the failure to diagnose diabetes promptly is one of the major causes behind its complications. Proper screening of people who are vulnerable to diabetes (overweight based on BMI) is an important step according to American Diabetes Association. This will effectively reduce a lot of complications caused due to diabetes.
Diabetics have higher risk of heart diseases: The impact of high blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol are especially severe in diabetics. This is because of the increased risks of cardiovascular problems and stroke. Doctors advise diabetics to maintain their LDL level below 100.
Diabetics have a higher chance to get eye disorders: Eye problems such as diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma are common in diabetics. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to take annual eye tests with a specialist to make sure of the proper functioning of your eyes.
Vaccination is important to diabetics: Because of the increased risks of infection in diabetics, vaccination is an important factor. Doctors even recommend annual influenza vaccination for seniors. This will reduce the risks of infection and the subsequent fatal risks of ketoacidosis.
Exercise and regulated diet help manage diabetes: If your heart is fit to take the strain, 30 minutes of exercise daily is ideal for diabetes. This has been observed to reduce the risks of insulin resistance in people with Type 2 diabetes.